Safety Focus of the Week: Demolition Plans
“Before the start of every demolition job”, OSHA requires that the contractor prepare a demolition plan (1926.850(a)). This very broad requirement appears to be applicable for any engineered structure such as: houses, silos, barns, towers, dams, bridges, etc. OSHA is likely to include even the most basic of structures if an incident occurs related to the demolition.
In most cases, a rather simple plan would be sufficient, provided that it contains a risk assessment and a plan to address the identified risks. Therefore, a typical demolition plan might include:
- Method of Demolition – Equipment, Waste Handling, etc.
- Engineering Survey – To assess the potential and take measures to prevent pre-mature collapse
- Exclusion Zone – To keep workers and the public out of the danger zone.
- Hazard Material Assessment – To verify that the waste won’t include lead, asbestos, etc.
- Personal Protective Equipment – for the potential hazards
- Verification of Utility De-Energizaton – gas, propane tanks, electric, water, etc.
- Emergency Plan – PD/FD/Rescue Call Numbers, 1st Aid Kit Locations, Emergency Meeting Place
- Special Blasting Procedures – if blasting used
The demolition of a complex structure, especially ones involving: demolition equipment on the structure, blasting, in-close demolition of tall structures, or piece-by-piece structural removal would involve a very detailed plan involving engineered procedures and bracing systems.
This link is a training guide from OSHA discussing the hazards:
Please notify the safety department when your project involves demolition for further assistance in preparing a demolition plan.