Safety Focus of the Week: The FMCSA Pre-Trip Motor Vehlicle Inspection
From 49 CFR 396.11:
§396.11 Driver vehicle inspection report(s).
(a) Equipment provided by motor carrier. (1) Report required. Every motor carrier shall require its drivers to report, and every driver shall prepare a report in writing at the completion of each day’s work on each vehicle operated, except for intermodal equipment tendered by an intermodal equipment provider. The report shall cover at least the following parts and accessories:
(i) Service brakes including trailer brake connections;
(ii) Parking brake;
(iii) Steering mechanism;
(iv) Lighting devices and reflectors;
(vii) Windshield wipers;
(viii) Rear vision mirrors;
(ix) Coupling devices;
(x) Wheels and rims;
(xi) Emergency equipment.
The regulation requires the inspection report be documented and submitted to the Motor Carrier. All defects that are a safety hazard must be repaired prior to putting the vehicle back into service.
The FMCSA also provides a guide to the regulations in a Q&A format: